15th March 2018
The Poodle breed is one of the most stylish, intelligence and balanced character. The International Dog Federation (FCI) classified the poodle breed into four varieties according to their size: Toy, Dwarf, Medium and Giant.
However, other associations may have different criteria.
Evething you need to know about Poodle breed
History of poodles
This is one of the many French dog breeds, although its origin is uncertain and controversial.
Before the 16th century, poodles and their ancestors were used as water dogs.
Therefore, it is thought that its English name “poodle” is derived from the German word “pudel” which means to splash.
In France, these dogs were known as “poodle” or “chien canard”, both names referring to the usefulness of the breed to collect ducks and other waterfowl.
It is from the 16th century that poodles began to gain popularity as companion dogs, and become very frequent in European courts and especially in the French. His great intelligence and elegance made this breed become one of the most popular in history.
Some authors speculate that modern haircuts were used to care for the limbs of retriever dogs, while giving them more freedom in the water, but those cuts appear only when the poodle breed becomes a companion dog.
Today, poodle dogs are excellent pets, no matter what variety they belong to, and they are also very popular in dog shows.
Characteristics of the Poodle breed
The body of these dogs is proportionate and slightly longer than tall. The back is short and the height of the ridge of the croup is equal to the height at the withers, so the top line is horizontal. The back is strong and muscular while the chest is oval and wide.
The head is straight and has a distinct air. Well molded, it is not solid but not excessively delicate. Naso-frontal depression is not very pronounced and the nose is black in black, white and grey dogs, but brown in brown dogs, and in fawn poodles it can be black or brown. The eyes are almond shaped and very expressive. They must be dark. They may be dark amber in brown dogs, but for dogs of other colors, the eyes must be black or dark brown. The ears, flat, long and covered with wavy fur, fall along the cheeks.
The tail of the poodle is very high inserted and traditionally amputated in newborn puppies. Unfortunately, this cruel custom is still prevalent in many places and the FCI continues to accept poodle dogs with tails cut into one-third or half their natural length. But on the other hand, fortunately, the habit of amputating dogs for “aesthetic” reasons is diminishing around the world.
Hair and Size of the Poodle breed
Poodle coat is abundant, fine textured and woolly.
The best know is with Curly and elastic hair; usually cut in a typical way for the breed. The hair in the form of locks forms characteristic strings that hang.
Poodles breed are of a single color, which can be: black, white, brown, grey, fawn orange (barbicoque) and red fawn. According to the official FCI standard, the heights for the different varieties are as follows:
Large poodle – 45 to 60 cm at the withers.
Medium poodle – 35 to 45 cm at the withers.
Dwarf poodle – 28 to 35 cm at the withers.
Poodle toy 24 to 28 centimeters at the withers.
Behaviour of the Poodle breed
In general terms, poodles are very intelligent, faithful, cheerful and playful dogs. They are one of the five most intelligent dogs in the world. They learn very easily and love to run, swim and pick things up with their mouth (they are good collectors). The two larger varieties are usually a little quieter than the two smaller varieties.
Although poodle dogs excel in many disciplines, it is perhaps being pets as best performers. They are ideal for families and people who have dogs for the first time, being better the ones of greater size for novice owners. Although they do not require extreme exercise, they are not good pets for very sedentary people. When well socialized, they tend to get along very well with children.
Care of the Poodle breed
Poodle hair tends to become easily tangled. It is advisable to brush it between two and three times a week when it comes to pet dogs.
On the other hand, when it comes to show dogs, with the corresponding cut, it is advisable to brush daily. If you want to keep the haircut, it is necessary to take the dog to his canine barber every month or every month and a half, which is also the frequency with which it is advisable to bathe for this breed.
One of the great advantages of these dogs is that they lose almost no hair, so they are excellent pets for people allergic to dogs.
Poodles need a lot of company and are not dogs to live alone in a garden or yard as they may otherwise experience separation anxiety.
They adapt very well to life in large cities. Live very comfortably in an apartment whenever they go for a walk at least twice a day. Large varieties can also adapt very well to country life.
Of course, poodle dogs also need to exercise every day. Your exercise needs are not as high as those of sheepdogs, but they do require at least moderate exercise. In addition to the daily walks, the games of collection (collecting the ball) and tug-of-war are very good to channel the energies of these dogs. It is also good that, as far as possible, they practice agility or canine freestyle even if it is not competitive.
Education of the Poodle breed
It is important to socialize them well from puppies.
They are usually not aggressive and tend to get along, or at least tolerate in a good way, strangers and other dogs.
Because of their past hunter have a highly developed prey impulse, so it is a good idea to socialize your poodle dog from an early age, to avoid problems with small pets.
Poodles are easy to train and stand out in any form of dog training whenever we use positive reinforcement as the basis of their education.
Although generally non-conflictive, poodles can also present certain behavioral problems. When they don’t receive the proper physical and mental stimulation, they become bored and can become barking and/or destructive.
Pay attention dealing with such intelligent dogs to practicing basic obedience on a regular basis. Dedicate between 5 and 10 minutes a day at most. This way you will be promoting a good response in the dog; will help you in your safety and improve communication with him.
Teach your dog with fun tricks; practice with a variety of games. Try to stimulate them mentally and physically. Field visits, repetitions of obedience and the use of different stimulation and toys will make them truly happy.
Videos of the Poodle breed and other links
You can click on the following link to access a video about Poodle thanks to Best Breed Ever Youtube Channel.
You can also read about other breeds such as Maltese Bichon breed.
If you have enjoyed this article about the Poodle breed and want to keep updated, we recommend you continue reading about dog breeds in PedigreeFinder