16th March 2018
The American bulldog breed, is a powerful, athletic and brave dog that instills great respect. This dog is one of the most similar to the original bulldog of the nineteenth century. The inexperienced eye can confuse the American bulldog with the boxer, the pìtbull or the Argentinean dogo, since there are many similarities between these races. However, each one of them has distinctive characteristics that make it possible to differentiate them.
The American Bulldog breed descends directly from the original bulldog dogs, now extinct, of 19th century England. After World War II, the American bulldog was also virtually extinct, but some breeders rescued the breed. Either way, most current American bulldogs are hybrids of those two types.
Everything you need to know about American Bulldog breed,
Weight : 25 to 45 kg.
Height: 55 to 70 cm.
Size: Medium size.
Life expectancy: 12 to 14 years.
Physical activity: High.
Character: Sociable, Very Faithful, Active.
Ideal for: Home, Hiking, Hunting, Surveillance.
Origin of the American bulldog
The American bulldog breed shares much of its history with other bulldogs and similar breeds. So to a certain extent he shares the story with the English bulldog and pitbull, to give just two examples.
Its origins can be traced back to the fighting dogs and big game used in the first half of the 1st century. However, it is in its recent history that race is defined and shaped as the current American bulldog breed. Over time, the crosses of those dogs with others less tall and aggressive, would give rise to the current English bulldog. Meanwhile, some British immigrants who had brought their bulldogs to North America, keep the breed unaltered because it helped them a lot in controlling and hunting large and dangerous animals, such as wild pigs. These animals, almost unchanged, were the ones that gave rise to the current American bulldog.
Today, this imposing and powerful race is little known but no longer at risk of extinction. Although not very well known, today’s American bulldogs stand out as multipurpose working dogs, performing duties of guard, protection, big game and, of course, as pets.
Physical characteristics of the American Bulldog breed
Males measure between 57 and 67 centimetres at the withers, while females measure between 53 and 65 centimetres at the withers. The standard for this breed does not indicate a range of ideal weights, but it does indicate that the weight should be proportional to the size. Of course, standard dogs are lighter and bully dogs are heavier.
The American bulldog is a medium to large, very powerful, athletic and muscular dog.
Strongly built, its body is slightly longer than tall. The long and wide head of this dog gives the impression of great power. The muzzle is broad and thick, with strong jaws and muscular cheeks. The lips are moderately thick but not hanging and preferably black. In bully dogs, the muzzle length is between 25% and 35% of the total head length. In the “standard”type, the muzzle length ranges from 30% to 40% of the total head length.
Strength of the American Bulldog breed
The bite of these dogs is very powerful, which is one of the characteristics of all bulldog dogs. The wide and long nose has large nostrils. Brown, chestnut and greyish noses are acceptable, but the preferred colour for this part of the body is black. Depigmentation (pink nose) is unacceptable. The eyes of the American bulldog are medium and well separated from each other. Its shape can go from round to almond and any colour is acceptable, but dark brown or black is preferred. The preferred color for the eyelid rim is black. The ears of these dogs are small or medium and high insertion. They can be dropped, semi-erect or pink. The UKC standard accepts cut ears, but indicates that complete ears are preferred. The ABRA standard does not accept cut ears.
The neck is muscular and strong and narrows slightly from the shoulders to the head. At its point of greatest diameter it is almost as wide as the head of the bulldog. You may have a slight chin. Both the anterior and posterior extremities are strong and muscular, and have thick and well-developed bones. The feet are round, medium, well arched and tight. The chest of the American bulldog is deep and moderately wide. The upper line slopes slightly from the withers (above shoulder height) to the muscular back. The loin is short, wide and slightly arched, and joins the croup with a very slight slope.
Hair of the American Bulldog breed
The hair is short and tight, with a texture that can vary from soft to rough. It must be less than one inch long and any combination of colors is acceptable except pure black, pure blue, blackbird and tricolor. The completely black mask is also not acceptable. At least 10% of the body must be white, and most American bulldogs have most of the body part of that color.
The trot of these dogs is fluid, powerful well coordinated and shows no effort. During this time, the top line remains level; the legs do not move inward or outward and the feet do not cross each other. However, as the bulldog increases speed, the feet tend to converge toward the center of balance of the body.
Behaviour of the American bulldog breed
The typical American bulldog is a determined and brave dog, but should not be unnecessarily aggressive. Excellent guardian for his strong instinct of protection, he can be aggressive with strangers and other dogs when he has not been properly socialized or does not have good self-control. Therefore, it is very important to socialize him from puppy and train him in obedience to develop the necessary self-control.
An excellent hunter, especially when it comes to big game where he stands out from other dog breeds. However, its strong prey impulse can be a disadvantage for those who have the American bulldog as a pet. This impulse can make the dog prone to “hunting” small animals such as other pets and small breed dogs. One way to help control your strong impulses is to practice with the dog some canine sport like agility or schutzhund. Since this breed is very tough, sports for protection dogs, such as schutzhund, mondio ring and others, can be very useful when you have experienced guides and extras.
Care of the American bulldog breed
These dogs need a lot of exercise, so it’s best to have a garden where you can run freely. It’s true that they can live in an apartment, but that takes a lot of time to walk around.
Whether the American bulldog lives in a house with a garden or in an apartment, it’s best if he lives inside and goes out to exercise. Although a race of great physical strength, it does not have much protection against changing weather conditions. You also need to go for a walk at least once a day to exercise and socialize, even if you have a garden to run in.
The coat care of the American bulldog breed is very comfortable and easy to carry out. Regular brushing and bathing are sufficient only when necessary. Because they lose hair regularly, brushing should be done at least three times a week.
Education of the American Bulldog breed
Before adopting an American bulldog you should know that it is recommended for people who understand the dog’s psychology and behavior within the herd. He needs a firm, calm and consistent master. Therefore, it is important that the herd owner becomes aware of what it means to be the leader of the herd and follow an order and rules.
Despite his physical strength, and perhaps his strong character, the American bulldog breed does not respond well to traditional training. It is best to approach canine training from a different perspective, through clicker training or other positive training variant. You will need patience for education but this is a very intelligent dog that can offer us very rewarding and good results. You will have no difficulty in learning tricks and obeying whenever we apply positive training.